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Latinisms
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Latinism
Abbreviation
Translation
Comments
a bene placito from one who has been pleased well At one's pleasure. This phrase, and its Italian derivative beneplacito, are synonymous with the more common ad libitum (at pleasure).
a capite ad calcem from head to heel From top to bottom; all the way through
a contrario from the opposite Equivalent to "on the contrary" or "au contraire." An argumentum a contrario is an argument or proof by contrast or direct opposite.
a fortiori from the stronger Loosely, "even more so" or "with even stronger reason." Often used to lead from a less certain proposition to a more evident corollary.
a mari usque ad mare from sea to sea National motto of Canada.
a mensa et thoro from board and bed In marital law, a legal term meaning a legal separation has taken place.
a pedibus usque ad caput from feet to head Completely. This is similar to the English expression "from top to toe."
a posse ad esse from being able to being "From possibility to being" or "from being possible to being actual."
a posteriori from the latter Based on observation (i.e., empirical knowledge), the reverse of a priori. Used in mathematics, philosophy and logic to denote something that is known after a proof has been carried out.
a priori from the former Presupposed, the reverse of a posteriori. Used in mathematics, philosophy and logic to denote something that is known or postulated before a proof has been carried out.
a verbis ad verbera from words to blows
ab absurdo from the absurd Said of an argument that seeks to prove a statement's validity by pointing out the absurdity of an opponent's position. Not to be confused with a reductio ad absurdum, which is usually a valid logical argument.
ab abusu ad usum non valet consequentia a consequence from an abuse to a use is not valid Inferences regarding something's use from its misuse are invalid. Rights abused are still rights.
ab aeterno from the eternal From time immemorial or"since the beginning of time." In theology, often indicates something, such as the universe, that was created outside of time.
ab antiquo from the ancient From ancient times.
ab extra from beyond A legal term meaning "From without." From external sources, rather than from the self or the mind (ab intra). Sometimes expressed loosely as ab ex.
ab hinc from here
ab imo pectore from the deepest chest Attributed to Julius Caesar. Usually translated as "from the bottom of my heart."
ab inconvenienti from an inconvenient thing An "argumentum ab inconvenienti" is one based on the difficulties involved in pursuing a line of reasoning, and is thus a form of appeal to consequences.
ab incunabulis from the cradle Thus, "from the beginning" or "from infancy." Incunabula is commonly used in English to refer to the earliest stage or origin of something, especially to copies of books that predate the spread of the printing press.

 

Latinisms Table

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