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recordings And Recording—An Historic Account

Here, Electricka and her Muses present an account of the history of recordings and recording.


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About the account

The account of the history of recordings and recording is a concise historic record of the nexus between recordings, recording, and playback.

Its scope spans many periods, media, and facets of recording and the recording industry, from technology to science to engineering; from scientists and technologists to businessmen; from research and scientific institutions to corporations and commercial outlets; and from performers and performances to venues and the public.

Recording media, people, happenings, and technologies in all the arts are affected by (and affect) each other. Since this multiplicity of historic recording events is so tightly interwoven, knowledge of the interactions among them is beneficial for an understanding how and why people involved in recording have behaved and how and why events in the field of recording have unfolded. This account aims at revealing these kinds of interactions.

You may have seen other histories on these subjects, but this history probably is different. The Account is organized into a condensed table format, not a wordy narrative format. This concise arrangement of information, data, and text makes it possible for you to to rapidly and easily search for, find, and review information about people, companies, agencies, events, activities, inventions, products, technologies, sciences, dates, and other important facts that have played and are still playing a role in the history of recording.

The account of recorded events is presented in chronological order, event-by-event, from the inception of recording to modern times. Why take an event-by-event approach?


about the event Table

Electricka is pleased to present this historic account of key events that have occurred in the history of recording.

  • Visit Electricka's Account of recording history now at the page titled History Of Recording: tap or click here

This account is organized in the form of a computerized table presented at Electricka's page titled History of Recording. The information displayed in each of the table's rows cites a noteworthy recording event and describes it in about 100 words or less. Alone and together, the rows accounting for these recording events recount a number of fascinating stories, many of them interrelated.

Columns in the table describe various aspects of these events. They indicate an event's involved contributors, personalities, and organizations, its event times, and other pertinent information.

Collectively, groups of events constitute a chronological account of how modern-day recording began, progressed, and burgeoned into a major industry in all arts and media around the world. They present a passing parade of involved players, technologies, and other developments; they provide explanations for event sequences that led up to or followed breakthroughs, successes, or failures.

Because the table is automated, you can easily use keywords and text strings to specify events or other factors you want to see more about that fit your specific interests or information needs. For instance, you can search for, display, or print information about individuals or groups of people, companies, recording types, technologies, or other listed items.

For example, entering the text Edison in the SEARCH box at the top of The History Of Recording Table will produce a chronological list of every record or recording event in the Account in which the name Edison is cited. Once such a search is completed, you may cause search results to be sorted or otherwise arranged for presentation on your monitor screen; or they may be printed. Or the entire Table may be printed if you prefer.



At present, this Account, which is contained in The Table Of Recording History, is primarily limited to one recording medium (sound); it spans the period that ranges from the invention of the phonograph in 1887 through 1950.

The Muses hope to expand the scope of this list's subject matter until it includes all media, recording types, and time periods. They ask that you bear with them while they attempt to get this done.

They suggest that you return to the Table from time to time to see updates and track progress.

send the muses your recording event

With the rapid advances occurring in recording technology and recordings, so much is happening so fast, collecting and assembling information on past and present developments has become a daunting task.

The Muses invite you to help them achieve their goal of expanding the Accountto play an active part in achieving this goalby sending them a contribution in the form of an event they can add to The Table Of Recording History.

Know an event in the history of recording that can be published in this historic Account? To encourage you to send your event, Electricka has declared this feature an Arts Information feature.

To see how to send an event, explore the guidelines for contributors now.

  • To learn more or to submit an Account of your own see the page called Guidelines For Arts Information Contributors—An Account Of The History Of Records & Recording: click here.

For more information about this and other Arts Information features, visit the Arts Information page at this web site:

  • Click the words About Arts Information in the Arts Information image at the right side of this page or click here.

Welcome To The Muse Of Film

As a field of endeavor and a genre of art and entertainment, film still takes its name from this physical medium. But film is much more than a strip of cellulose. Film is also a means of communication between people. It's an industry, an art form, a genre, and a means of enlightenment and entertainment. When it comes to the arts, it's not the images and audio deposited on film that count.

The Muse Of Film defines film broadly, as a series of moving images. This definition is meant to be broad, but at a minimum includes film as an industryits productions, operations, etc.and most important for the arts, it includes motion pictures as a genre of art and entertainment.

glossary of film terminology

The Muse Of Film is pleased to offer you a glossary of terms about movie industry films and technology.

Birth of the film industry—the advent of motion pictures

Devices that can represent moving images have been around for a long time—since late in the second century of the common era, as a matter of fact; but the images they displayed could only be hand-drawn and the duration of presentation was measured in seconds. They possessed many other drawbacks and their representations were crude in the extreme.

Mankind had to wait sixteen more centuries before it became possible to capture, save, and see realistic images of actual things in motion. In its social consequences, this 16-century wait is on a par with the 16 centuries man had to wait to fly.

The Advent of motion pictures

Devices that can represent moving images have been around for a long time—since late in the second century of the common era, as a matter of fact; but the images they displayed could only be hand-drawn and the duration of presentation was measured in seconds. They possessed many other drawbacks and their representations were crude in the extreme.

  • Explore how and where motion pictures began and where they are today. See a short review of the people who brought movies to us and their place in the history of recording at Electricka's feature titled The Advent Of Motion Pictures: tap or click here

The History of recording

Today, movies are a field in which recording technology is preeminent. Film that records images, film that moves, digital recording, 3-D film, 3-D sound, color, animation, computer-generated people, figures, and objects, and a host of other incredible developments that too many of us take for granted. None of these advances would have been possible without contributions from a host of brilliant inventors People like Gutenberg, Niépce, Daguerre, Edison, and the Lumière brothers—they stood on the shoulders of the giants who went before them.

Even so basic a development as pictures that move would not exist today without a series of technological advances that began in the 14th century, lasted 1600 years, and is still going on.

  •  See how motion pictures evolved out of previous inventions and came to be. Explore the history of recording and the major technical advances that led to today's movies. Visit Electricka's feature titled About The History Of Recordings And Recording: tap or click here

prizes for film

Film awards play a big part in the film industry, world wide. For more than a century they have helped shape the nature of movies and improve their quality (or degrade their quality, if you are so inclined). They have had a major impact on the artistic and financial structure of the industry and the climate in which films are made.

  • Join The Muse Of Film in exploring prizes for films and achievements in film: tap or click here

Welcome To Technical Aspects Of Film

Film technology is not anywhere as complex, esoteric, or as hard to comprehend as the LHC particle accelerator at CERN. The technical challenges films present are not nearly as difficult or costly to overcome, but neither are they simple or safe to ignore.

Spurred by a love of arts and by the profit motive, film engineers, scientists, computer programmers, businessmen and artists have made great technical strides in the relatively short period since moving pictures were invented at the turn of the nineteenth century.

In this feature, The Muse Of Film explores some of the challenges that film technology has overcome and has yet to overcome. The Muse is not just interested in examining the techniques and technologies involved in making entertainment flicks. The Muse addresses film technology in all the fields where it performs a role, from still photography to high tech moving pictures; from high speed photography to underwater photography; from exposing and developing film to archiving it.

  • Explore film technology at the Muse Of Film's feature titled Welcome To Technical Aspects Of Film: tap or click here

film clips from the muse of film

Because of their excellence and applicability to arts other than film, Electricka and her muses have requested permission from The Muse Of Film to insert some of The Muse's film clips in their own features. Fortunately for us, The Muse Of Film has graciously given them blanket consent to do so.

  • View film clips used by Electricka's muses at the feature titled Film Clips From The Muse Of Film: tap or click here

the past repeats...or does it?

According to popular opinion, silent motion picture camera technology was developed by a number of investigators in France and the United States circa mid-to-late 19th century and that sound was added in the first half of the 20th century.

Not necessarily so. Surprisingly, scholarly research has established that the feat of integrating sound and moving images in story-telling may have been accomplished long before The Jazz Singer.

How old are the movies, really? Find out. Take the following exploration in two steps:

  1. First, explore Richard Attenborough's recount of what may actually be the very first moving picture stories, stories that were told tens of thousands of years ago: tap or click here
  2. Next, compare Attenborough's account of how motion picture story-telling actually may have started with the modern version. Choose one or both of these modern versions to explore how we got where we are today:
  • Briefly explore Electricka's story of how moving pictures got started at the feature titled about The Advent Of Motion Pictures: tap or click here
  • Or, explore the The Muse Of Film's longer exploration of how movies got started in the 19th century: tap or click here

about across the muses

Today In The Arts is an Across The Muses feature.

  • Explore other Across The Muses features. Learn more about them. Visit Electricka's page called Welcome To Across The Muses: tap or click here

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