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recordings And Recording—An Historic Account

Here, Electricka and her Muses present an account of the history of recordings and recording.


Visit the Account Of Recording History Now

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Submit Your write-up of a recording event Now

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About the account

The account of the history of recordings and recording is a concise historic record of the nexus between recordings, recording, and playback.

Its scope spans many periods, media, and facets of recording and the recording industry, from technology to science to engineering; from scientists and technologists to businessmen; from research and scientific institutions to corporations and commercial outlets; and from performers and performances to venues and the public.

Recording media and technologies in all the arts are affected by (and affect) every other art. Since these facets of recording are so tightly interwoven, knowledge of the interactions among them is beneficial for an understanding how and why people involved in recording have behaved and how events in the field of recording have unfolded. This account promotes these kinds of understandings.

You may have seen other histories on these subjects, but this history may be different: The Account is organized into a condensed table format, not a wordy narrative format. This arrangement of data and text makes it possible to rapidly and easily search for, find, and review information about people, companies, agencies, events, activities, inventions, products, technologies, sciences, dates, and other important facts that played and are still playing a key role in recording history.

The Account consists of a table presented at the page entitled History of Recording. The collection of information displayed in its rows tells a variety of fascinating stories, many of them interrelated, each one virtually in 25 words or less. Consult it to see how recording began, progressed, and burgeoned into a major industry in all arts and media around the world. Consult the table to see the players and find the breakthroughs.

Since all the arts are involved, the Table is a joint effort by Electricka and all her cohorts. If an event has been submitted by a visitor to Electricka's web site, credit goes to the contributor.

The Account is presented in chronological order, event-by-event, from the inception of recording to modern times. Why take an event-by-event approach?


how to use the Table

Electricka is pleased to be able to present the Account in the form of an automated table. Each entry in the table is a description of the major recordings and recording events that have occurred in a specific time period. Each row in the table contains a description of an event or group of events. Columns describe events; they indicate the contributors, personalities, and organizations that are involved and other pertinent information.

With the aid of the table's automated facilities, you can use keywords to conveniently search entries for occurrences of text strings that represent and express your interests. For example, entering the text Edison in the SEARCH box at the top of The History Of Recording Table will produce a chronological list of every record or recording event in the Account in which the man Edison is cited. The entire Table or the results of a search may be sorted and otherwise arranged for presentation on your monitor screen; or they may be printed.


At present, this Account, which is contained in The Table Of Recording History, is primarily limited to one medium (sound); it spans the period that ranges from the invention of the phonograph in 1887 through 1950.

The Muses plan to expand the scope of this list's subject matter until it includes all media, recording types, and time periods. They ask that you bear with them while they get this done.

They suggest that you return to the Table from time to time to see updates and track progress.

send the muses A recording event

With the rapid advances occurring in recording technology and recordings, so much is happening so fast, collecting and assembling information on past and present developments has become a daunting task.

The Muses invite you to help them achieve their goal of expanding the Accountto play an active part in achieving this goalby sending them a contribution in the form of an event they can add to The Table Of Recording History.

Know an event in the history of recording that can be published in this historic Account? To encourage you to send your event, Electricka has declared this feature an Arts Information feature.

To see how to send an event, explore the guidelines for contributors now.

  • To learn more or to submit an Account of your own see the page called Guidelines For Arts Information Contributors—An Account Of The History Of Records & Recording: click here.

For more information about this and other Arts Information features, visit the Arts Information page at this web site:

  • Click the words About Arts Information in the Arts Information image at the right side of this page or click here.

Welcome To The Muse Of Film

As a field of endeavor and a genre of art and entertainment, film still takes its name from this physical medium. But film is much more than a strip of cellulose. Film is also a means of communication between people. It's an industry, an art form, a genre, and a means of enlightenment and entertainment. When it comes to the arts, it's not the images and audio deposited on film that count.

The Muse Of Film defines film broadly, as a series of moving images. This definition is meant to be broad, but at a minimum includes film as an industryits productions, operations, etc.and most important for the arts, it includes motion pictures as a genre of art and entertainment.

glossary of film terminology

The Muse Of Film is pleased to offer you a glossary of terms about movie industry films and technology.

Birth of the film industry—the advent of motion pictures

Devices that can represent moving images have been around for a long time—since late in the second century of the common era, as a matter of fact; but the images they displayed could only be hand-drawn and the duration of presentation was measured in seconds. They possessed many other drawbacks and their representations were crude in the extreme.

Mankind had to wait sixteen more centuries before it became possible to capture, save, and see realistic images of actual things in motion. In its social consequences, this 16-century wait is on a par with the 16 centuries man had to wait to fly.

  • Explore the birth of the motion picture industry: click here.

The Advent of motion pictures

Devices that can represent moving images have been around for a long time—since late in the second century of the common era, as a matter of fact; but the images they displayed could only be hand-drawn and the duration of presentation was measured in seconds. They possessed many other drawbacks and their representations were crude in the extreme.

  • Explore how and where motion pictures began and where they are today. See a short review of the people who brought movies to us and their place in the history of recording at Electricka's feature titled The Advent Of Motion Pictures: click here.

The History of recording

Today, movies are a field in which recording technology is preeminent. Film that records images, film that moves, digital recording, 3-D film, 3-D sound, color, animation, computer-generated people, figures, and objects, and a host of other incredible developments that too many of us take for granted. None of these advances would have been possible without contributions from a host of brilliant inventors People like Gutenberg, Niépce, Daguerre, Edison, and the Lumière brothers—they stood on the shoulders of the giants who went before them.

Even so basic a development as pictures that move would not exist today without a series of technological advances that began in the 14th century, lasted 1600 years, and is still going on.

  •  See how motion pictures evolved out of previous inventions and came to be. Explore the history of recording and the major technical advances that led to today's movies. Visit Electricka's feature titled About The History Of Recordings And Recording: click here.

prizes for film

Film awards play a big part in the film industry, world wide. For more than a century they have helped shape the nature of movies and improve their quality (or degrade their quality, if you are so inclined). They have had a major impact on the artistic and financial structure of the industry and the climate in which films are made.

  • Join The Muse Of Film in exploring prizes for films and achievements in film: click here.

Welcome To Technical Aspects Of Film

Film technology is not anywhere as complex, esoteric, or as hard to comprehend as the LHC particle accelerator at SLAC. The technical challenges films present are not nearly as difficult or costly to overcome. But neither are they easy or something to ignore.

In this feature, The Muse Of Film explores some of the challenges that film technology has overcome and has yet to overcome. The Muse is not just interested in examining the techniques and technologies involved in making entertainment flicks. The Muse addresses the technology of film in all its fields and in all its aspects, from still photography to high tech moving pictures; from high speed photography to underwater photography; from exposing and developing film to archiving it.

film clips from the muse of film

Because of their excellence and applicability to arts other than film, Electricka and her muses have requested permission from The Muse Of Film to insert some of The Muse's film clips in their own features. Fortunately for us, The Muse Of Film has graciously given them blanket consent to do so.

  • View film clips used by Electricka's muses at the feature titled Film Clips From The Muse Of Film: click here.

the past repeats...or does it?

According to popular opinion, silent motion picture camera technology was developed by a number of investigators in France and the United States circa mid-to-late 19th century and that sound was added in the first half of the 20th century.

Not necessarily so. Surprisingly, scholarly research has established that the feat of integrating sound and moving images in story-telling may have been accomplished long before The Jazz Singer.

How old are the movies, really? Find out. Take the following exploration in two steps:

  1. First, explore Richard Attenborough's recount of what may actually be the very first moving picture stories, stories that were told tens of thousands of years ago: click here.
  2. Next, compare Attenborough's account of how motion picture story-telling actually may have started with the modern version. Choose one or both of these modern versions to explore how we got where we are today:
  • Briefly explore Electricka's story of how moving pictures got started at the feature titled about The Advent Of Motion Pictures: click here.
  • Or, explore the The Muse Of Film's longer exploration of how movies got started in the 19th century: click here.

about across the muses

Today In The Arts is an Across The Muses feature.

  • Explore other Across The Muses features. Learn more about them. Visit Electricka's page called Welcome To Across The Muses: click here.

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