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aids for Readers

The Muse Of Literature is pleased to offer visitors the reader's aids listed below. For instructions on how to get the most from this list, click the arrows below.

about these Aids

All the reader's aids cited in this list are available at Electricka's web site.

The nature of the aids available at Electricka's Resources For Readers varies greatly. Basically, there are two kinds of aids:

  1. Dictionaries, encyclopedias, tables, or other kinds of references that yield direct answers to a reader's or writer's direct questions. For example, the Table of Latinisms is an automated table of Latin terms with English translations that is located at Electricka's web site. Open the Table, type in a Latin or English keyword, and the translation appears.
  2. Facilities that help readers and writers identify and access sources of reading- or writing-related information and aids. For example, Electricka's Resource Shelf is an automated database that lists resources, references, reading aids, and a lot more. This database can help readers or writers identify reference materials and aids and then to access them:
    • Some of the reference materials and aids on the Shelf are located at bookstores, libraries, or similar facilities. A reader or writer must physically travel to these locations to obtain a specified aid.
    • Other reference materials and aids are located online at Electricka's web site or at other web sites. If an aid is located at an off-site location, the Shelf provides a link to it wherever possible.
    • When accessing online aids, a reader or writer can open pages at remote web sites or at Electricka's web site without leaving the Shelf. This feature allows the reader or writer to look for information the way a reference librarian does at a library and to work with resources as though they were reference books spread across a library reading room work table.
  3. Not all aids are aimed at helping both readers and writers. Some are for readers only; others are for writers only. The scope an aid is indicated in the column labeled Who For?

How to access these aids

The table below is a list reader's and writer's aids:

  • Click the name of an aid and it will open.
  • To learn more about a specific aid, click in the More About This Aid column.

Aids For readers

Aid Name Description More About This Aid
Lives In The Arts Capsule bios of personalities in the arts. Lives In The Arts
Electricka's Resource Shelf An electronic bibliography of arts-related institutions; people; traditional and computerized reference works such as dictionaries and encyclopedias; bibliographies of books, readers guides, sound and video recordings, films, and much more. The Shelf also lists arts-related institutions, people, facilities such as museums, performance halls, theaters, and performances. Many of these resources are reader's aids that can be used on line. Electricka's Resource Shelf
Works In The History Of Western Art A searchable and sortable table containing the names of scores of artists, their works, and movements in the Western fine arts tradition. Capsule History Of Western Art
Movements In Western Art A searchable and sortable table that identifies the most significant and prominent arts movements that have arisen in the Western art tradition and the periods in which each movement occurred. It briefly describes the salient characteristics of each movement Capsule History Of Western Art
Western Artists A searchable and sortable table that identifies works by important or prominent artists in the Western art tradition and identifies the main art movement each work represents or expresses. Capsule History Of Western Art
Latin Terms A searchable and sortable table containing hundreds of definitions of Latin words, phrases, quotations, and abbreviations. In addition to definitions, the table offers you information about the origins of the terms it contains, their sources, alternate translations and meanings, explanations, comments, and other kinds of useful and informative items.
  • For more information about Latin resources at Electricka's web site, visit The Muse of Language Arts page called About Latinisms: About Latinisms
About Latinisms
Animal Group Names And Descriptors This reader's aid is a searchable and sortable table that may surprise or amuse you. For example, did you know that one of the names for a group of pigeons is a dropping? One may speak of a dropping of pigeons.

The table contains a list of the popular and common names for many different kinds of animals (e.g., ape, baboon, ass, and bat). One or more group names for each animal is supplied in most cases. For example, shrewdness and troop are terms used to refer to a group of apes—a shrewdness of apes; battery is a term used to refer to a group of barracudas—a battery of barracudas. The table also contains a descriptive term (genre or class name) for most of the animals. For example, a sparrow is a member of the passerine family.

Animal Sex And Progeny Names Many animals have different names for the male, female, and young. For example, a male alligator is a bull; a female alligator is a cow; and a baby alligator is a hatchling. This reader's aid is a searchable and sortable table of such names.  
Sailors & Sailing Sailing, sailing over the bounding main... Bound with the muses as they translate nautical terms into English; keep time with ship's bells; bone up on all sorts of sailing miscellany, from superstition to fact, from the time of the trireme to today's nuclear aircraft carrier. If you're reading or writing about sailing and the sailor's life, you'll be glad you did.  
Tell Time Like A Sailor Shed your landlubber status. After you read this page you'll be able to tell time like a sailor—The Muses guarantee it.  
Alphabets, Letters, And Words The Muse Of Language Arts presents a few of the alphabets that English-speaking readers and writers encounter when they communicate with artists and their productions in conversational intercourse, reading, listening, and writing. The goal is to engender an alphabetic proficiency—an alphabetic IQ, if you willthat will promote alphabetic understanding, so that readers, writers, listeners, artists, and art lovers generally can have easy access to information about alphabets, the most basic elements of language.  
Proofreaders' Marks

Proofreaders' Marks is a multi-page list containing most of the standard proofreader marks you are likely encounter when writing. These marks are especially useful to a writer whose work has been edited and who needs assistance with interpreting an editor's markups. Entries contain a description of a correction or change an editor might request and the graphic symbols that represent the change. Examples are included. Proofreaders' Marks is contained in a file organized in PDF format.

Proofreaders' Marks is aimed primarily at writers but is also helpful to avid readers.

Glossary Of Literary Terms

An automated literary glossary containing a large number of definitions of a variety of different kinds of literary terms. These definitions are arranged in the form of an automated table. A visitor can conveniently search table entries for occurrences of a text string that represents and expresses his literary interests. Look for an explanation of the Glossary and directions for how to use it at The Muse Of Literature's page called Literary Terminology - Glossary Of Literary Terms: click here.

Literary Terminology Glossary Of Literary Terms
Fantastic Creatures Of The World The Muse Of Mythology is pleased to present this comprehensive exploration of a dazzling array of all types of imagined beings, here called fantastic creatures! the arts are among the richest sources of fantastic creatures. Sources of fantastic creatures include myth, legend, literature, movies, fine arts, and music.  
The Gallery Of Fantastic Creatures See images of fantastic creatures. Stroll through the gallery's halls and marvel at the pictures of creatures hanging from the walls. See images of some of the most fantastic creatures man has imagined.  
Mythological Deities

A pantheon of deities that have appeared in mythologies throughout the ages. Deities are presented in the form of an automated table, with each row dedicated to a particular deity. The emphasis is definitely on deities associated with the arts, which are among the richest of such sources. Sources in the arts include: Myth, Legend, Literature, Movies, Fine Arts, and Music.

  • For more information, visit The Muse's page called Welcome To The Table Of Deities: click here.
Welcome To The World Of Deities
Prizes For Literature Prizes treated in this feature are awarded by recognized institutions and agencies. Historically, each institution has concentrated on a specific branch of literary endeavor and each has adopted a characteristic name for its prize.  
Tops & Flops In The Arts Tops & Flops is a collection of lists that show you the who, what, when, where, and why of the arts in list format, including literature. Tops & Flops lists work the same way as the Favorites lists or 10-Best lists you're probably already familiar with.  
Technical Aspects of Literature A reader who understands the techniques of writing usually gets more from reading than one who does not, whatever the writer's objectives may be, whatever the nature of the reading material. A reader who has the skills needed to analyze what he reads is likely to feel deeper, acquire more information in a shorter period, read more accurately, and exhibit greater understanding of the material than one who does not have these skills. Here, you explore how to get the most our of reading by mastering the technical aspects of reading.  
How To Approach A Poem The Muse Of Literature offers a few suggestions on how to get the most from reading or hearing a poem.  
The English Alphabet Explore the nature and history of the English alphabet. See it on your screen; and, if English is not your native language, download a copy for your personal use on your computer, PDA, or portable device.  
The Greek Alphabet Explore the nature and history of the Greek alphabet. See the Greek alphabet on your screen and download a copy for your personal use on your computer, PDA, or portable device.  
People First-Name Equivalents The Muse Of Language Arts presents a table of people first-name equivalents. With the help of this table, if you know a person's first name in one language, you can find the equivalent name in any one of a number of other languages.  
Welcome To Expository Prose Writing The primary goal of this feature is to explore aspects of prose writing that help writers understand and write expository prose. Readers who explore the general nature of expository prose are better able to absorb, understand, and exploit the expository prose they read.  
Welcome To The World Of Creative Writing Creative writing is the creativity exhibited by a literary work is its originality of thought or expression. A work that is creative results from and displays its author's originality of thought or expression and his imagination.

Exploring this feature may open your eyes to the full story of what it takes to be literarily creative. It will help you to appreciate works you read and to become a better reader.

Welcome To Expository Prose Writing Here The Muse Of Language Arts explores the subject of expository prose writing and shows how to get the most from writing or reading it.

No doubt, you write some kinds of expository prose every day. This feature will not only help you better understand what other expository writers are telling you when you read their works, it will help you to become a better writer yourself.

People First Name Equivalents Table

Access this table if you're reading a book, story, article, or web page about a person that's been translated into your native tongue from a foreign language. It may really help to know how to refer to the person in your native tongue.

For instance, those Russian names you read about in Tolstoy, Gogol, or Dostoevsky are particularly tricky to deal with. Stella in Russian is Estelle in English or French and Estrella or Estrellita in Spanish. Probably those name differences aren't so hard for you to handle. But what if you're faced with translating Natasha or Varina? What if you're facing Feodor or Fyodor?

This table lists over 200 male and female English language first names that have equivalent names in other languages. If there's more than one equivalent name for a given language, the additional equivalents are included and alternative spellings are accounted for.

About The People First Name & Given Name Equivalents Table
...More coming!    
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